Persistent or chronic headaches, also called prolonged headaches. This condition is characterized by headaches that last at least 15 days in a month, which occur for three consecutive months.
Based on the cause, chronic headaches are grouped into two, namely primary chronic headaches, namely pure headaches in the absence of other underlying diseases that trigger headaches, and non-primary chronic headaches, namely chronic headaches caused or triggered from other diseases.
Recognize Symptoms that Arise
Many cases of primary chronic headaches with no known cause. However, non-primary chronic headaches, have several possible causes, including infections, inflammation or disorders of the blood vessels of the brain, brain tumors, injuries and pressure disorders in the brain.
Some types of ongoing headaches that are commonly complained about include :
1. Chronic tension headacheThis type of headache is characterized by symptoms of pain that presses on two sides of the head. The intensity starts from mild to medium. Chronic tension headaches can occur without triggers for physical activity. Some people experience increased sensitivity in their heads when touched.
2. Chronic migraineThis type of migraine generally occurs in someone who has experienced a migraine before. Can be identified with symptoms such as headaches on one or two sides of the head, throbbing sensations, and the possibility of causing moderate to severe pain. Chronic migraines can be triggered by routine physical activity. This condition may also be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to sound and light.
3. New headaches arise and occur continuouslyThis type of headache usually appears suddenly. With symptoms of headaches that are pressing or the head feels tight. The pain starts from mild to moderate, without being influenced by certain activities. Generally occurs for three days in a row on the first attack.
4. Hemicrania continuaCharacterized by headaches on one side of the head, every day continuously with the intensity up and down. Can be accompanied by symptoms of watery or red eyes on the side that feels painful, nasal congestion or runny, decreased eyelid or enlarged pupils and feel tired. These headaches will usually become more severe, with the appearance of migraine-like symptoms.
5. Recurring headachesThis headache is a result of excessive pain medication. The use of long-term pain relievers or ergotamine drugs to treat migraines that are stopped suddenly, is likely to trigger a rebound headache.
6. Headaches due to increased intracranial pressure (inside the head cavity)Can be triggered by brain tumors, cysts or increased brain fluid volume so that pressure on the head increases. Symptoms include headaches that appear suddenly, severe and accompanied by symptoms of other neurological disorders such as vomiting, convulsions and vision problems. However, it often starts with a constant headache for some time when the pressure inside the head cavity increases gradually before finally causing the symptoms above.
7. Post-traumatic syndrome.Persistent headaches are likely to occur in a long period of time after head trauma.
8. Headaches due to old ageGenerally experienced by patients over the age of 60 years, which is triggered by increased eye pressure or called glaucoma, recovering from herpes infections, vascular diseases such as giant cell arteritis or psychological reasons.
What to do?
As for treating left-sided headaches, right-sided headaches and rear-headaches, to cope with constant headaches, a thorough check-up needs to be done. This is needed to determine the triggers for headaches, whether due to nerve disorders or infections. You will also be asked for an explanation of your history of headaches. If the cause is unclear, the doctor can do a CT scan or MRI.
Chances are your doctor needs to work with a specialist, such as a neurologist or psychiatrist, to find the cause and make a diagnosis. In some cases, there is a possibility that constant headaches require long-term treatment.
Also worth noting is the sufferers of constant headaches are also at risk of experiencing other disorders. For example anxiety, sleep disorders, depression, and other physical and psychological disorders.
Don't underestimate the constant headaches that you experience. Immediately consult a doctor if your headaches do not subside immediately.