Headaches are a very common complaint. Almost everyone has experienced headaches with complaints and different levels of severity. Headaches can be felt on one side or both sides of the head. The duration and frequency of headaches can also vary depending on the type and cause.
Recognize the Symptoms of Migraine
Headaches can be caused by migraines if the pain is throbbing, of moderate to severe intensity, and accompanied by symptoms of nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light or sound. Other characteristics of migraine :
- The pain lasts for 4-72 hours.
- Pain usually appears on one side of the head only, for example on the temple, behind the eyes, face, jaw, or neck. Even so, headaches in migraines can also be felt on both sides of the head.
- The pain worsens if the sufferer performs activities, sees light, or hears a sound. Migraine sufferers will tend to find a quiet and dark place to rest when a headache attack occurs.
- The initial symptoms (prodromal symptoms) in the hours or days before the attack occurred. Examples are dizziness, neck stiffness, anxiety, increased appetite, or depression.
- More often experienced by women.
- Can be accompanied by an aura (symptoms of nerve disorders), such as the appearance of light, lines, or abnormal points on vision, can also be a temporary loss of vision. In addition, migraine sufferers with aura can also have difficulty speaking or feel pins and needles.
Recognize Symptoms of Headaches Next
Headaches or cluster headaches are recurring headaches that occur over a period of time (weekly or monthly), and are centered on the eye area or surroundings. The pain is sharp and is described as being pricked in the eyeball. The typical headache :
- The attacks occur 1-8 times a day, and repeat for several weeks or several months. However, each attack only occurs for 15-180 minutes, then disappears. This is different from migraine attacks that can last up to several days.
- The attack only occurs on one side of the head, especially in the eye area and surrounding areas.
- Patients do not experience complaints sensitive to sound or light, nausea, and vomiting as in migraine sufferers. Symptoms that can appear are red eyes, and runny eyes and nose on one side.
- Patients will feel restless and difficult to sit still when an attack appears.
- There are no initial symptoms and no aura.
- More often experienced by men.
That is the difference between migraine headaches. If you experience the symptoms mentioned above, do not hesitate to see a doctor to get further tests and appropriate treatment. In addition, as much as possible avoid things that can trigger or aggravate headaches, such as stress, lack of sleep, drinking alcohol, or smoking.