In medical science, lower abdominal pain is often described as pelvic pain. This pain can affect both men and women, although it is more common in women.
Lower Stomach Pain in Women
Lower abdominal pain is more common in women because it is associated with organs replacing women, such as the vagina, ovaries, uterus, cervix, or fallopian tubes. Here are the possible causes :
- Stomach ache due to menstruation.
- Pregnancy outside the womb or ectopic pregnancy.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Ovarian cysts or other disorders of the ovary.
- Placental abruption or other disorders of the placenta during pregnancy.
- Disorders of the cervix such as infection, inflammation, or cancer.
- Cervical cancer.
- Inflammation of the fallopian tubes or salpingitis.
Lower Stomach Pain in Men and Women
Pain in the lower abdomen is not always related to the reproductive organs. Pain can also be caused due to infections in non-reproductive organs, such as the pelvis, bladder, or large intestine. For this reason, both men and women can feel pain in the lower abdomen. The following are some possible causes :
- Crohn's disease.
- Bowel disorders.
- Bladder inflammation.
- Kidney infection.
- Kidney stones.
- Sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea or syphilis.
- Pelvic fracture.
How to diagnose it?
In order to find out the exact cause of the pain you are suffering from, consult a doctor immediately. Before conducting a physical examination, the doctor will ask a number of questions related to the pain you are feeling, such as :
- Are you pregnant?
- How long have you felt pain in the lower abdomen?
- What's the pain like?
- When does pain usually appear? Is it in the morning, at night, after eating, or during menstruation?
- Does pain also affect other parts of your body, such as your buttocks, groin, shoulders, or lower back?
After that, the doctor can continue the examination to the next stage, such as blood tests, urine tests, stool tests, examination of the genitals, or pregnancy tests. In addition, doctors may also conduct other examinations through X-rays, ultrasound, or CT-Scan. If necessary, endoscopic procedures or examination of the digestive system with a camera can be done, hysteroscopy or examination of the uterus with a camera, and laparoscopy.
A few days later the doctor will give the results of the test. Based on the diagnosis found, the doctor can help you choose the appropriate treatment step. There are stomachaches that you can treat yourself at home in a simple way, or take over-the-counter medicines. But, there are also causes of lower abdominal pain that must be treated specifically medically, for example through surgery.
Go to a doctor or emergency department immediately at the nearest hospital if you suffer from lower abdominal pain accompanied by extreme pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, swollen abdomen, abdominal pain when touched, or bloody stools. Similarly, if the lower abdominal pain is felt after you have an accident, injury, or pain in the chest.