In society, there is a myth that pregnant women should eat twice as much for themselves and the unborn child. This perception is actually not quite right. and nutrition during pregnancy.
How to Meet the Nutritional Needs of Pregnant Women
Pregnant women are advised to consume more calories, but that does not mean they have to double the portion of food they consume. This is because overeating during pregnancy can increase the risk of excess weight gain, which can ultimately lead to hypertension and gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
Because the effects cannot be underestimated, pregnant women are advised to focus on the nutritional content of the food consumed. Ensure that the food consumed is healthy and has a balanced nutrition, and is beneficial in supporting a healthy pregnancy.
Several types of food are recommended, such as vegetables, fruits, grains, meat, fish, eggs, milk and pasteurized dairy products. While foods that are low in nutrients such as fast food and high-sugar foods should be limited.
Recommended Nutrition for Pregnant Women
To support pregnant women and support fetal growth and development in the womb, there are several important nutrients that are recommended, including:
1. Folic acid
During pregnancy, pregnant women are advised to consume as much as 400-600 mcg of folic acid (micrograms) per day. This is very important because enough folic acid can prevent babies with neural tube defects.
Apart from supplements recommended by doctors, pregnant women can also supplement their folic acid needs by eating a variety of foods, such as spinach, broccoli, cabbage, oranges, strawberries, wheat bread, and salmon.
Protein foods consumed by pregnant women have great benefits to support fetal growth and development in the womb. Various protein foods that can be consumed, including soybeans, beef, chicken, fish, eggs, or milk and processed products, such as cheese and yogurt.
3. Fibrous food
Consuming fibrous foods is also important to do because besides being high in nutrient content, consumption of fibrous foods can also prevent constipation and hemorrhoids during pregnancy.
Some types of good fibrous food consumed during pregnancy are fruits and vegetables, such as potatoes, tomatoes, broccoli, carrots, apples, and oranges.
4. Calcium foods
If pregnant women want the growth of bones and teeth Little walk optimally, do not forget to eat calcium foods. Examples of foods that contain calcium include milk, cheese, yogurt, tofu, broccoli, and almonds.
5. Fatty food
Besides making you powerful, fat intake is also needed to help the development of the brain and central nervous system of the fetus. Even so, choose healthy fatty foods, like avocados, salmon, cheese, olive oil, eggs, and nuts.
Although there are many food choices that can support the nutritional needs of pregnant women, pregnant women need to ensure that the portion consumed is not excessive. In addition, because the nutritional needs of each pregnant woman can be different, pregnant women are advised to consult an obstetrician regarding proper diet.